Before 1939, “crippled” veterans had amputated legs. A new disability appeared as spinal cord damaged veterans returned from World War II. In the 1930s, antibiotics had been developed to fight infections while Dr. E.H. (Harry) Botterell had challenged Canada’s medical community to shift treatment of paralysis from palliative to active care. But it was not until the end of the 1940s that Botterell’s advocacy turned “hopeless case” paralysis patients into candidates for rehabilitation.

Hospital Chair

Invalid chair, unknown manufacture, [ca South African Wars?], Canada Science and Technology Museum, artifact no. 2002.0065.

Betz Trade Catalogue

Betz trade catalogue, 1919. Canada Science and Technology Museums Corporation Library, special collections.